PHI210 Critical Thinking All Weeks Assignment Critical Thinking Paper Submission_A+_Answer

PHI210 Critical Thinking All Weeks Assignment Critical Thinking Paper Submission_A+_Answer

PHI210 Critical Thinking All Weeks Assignment Critical Thinking Paper Submission_A+_Answer

Critical Thinking – PHI 210
Appendix A

TOPIC LIST for Critical Thinking Paper

Telecommuting will be the new way that jobs are performed in the next ten years.

Assignment 1: Sensory Perceptions
Due Week 2 and worth 100 points

Can you really trust your senses and the interpretation of sensory data to give you an accurate
view of the world? Describe and discuss the accuracy and the weaknesses of the human senses as
they pertain to thinking in general and to your own thinking in particular.

Write a 2-3 page paper in which you:
1. Provide at least three (3) reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory
information.
2. Identify and describe at least three (3) factors contributing to the accuracy of sensory
data.
3. Discuss the roles of ―nature‖ and ―nurture‖ with regard to the interpretation and
evaluation of sensory data.
4. Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Your textbook may count as one
(1) source. At least one (1) of your sources must be obtained from the collection of
databases accessible from the Learning Resources Center Web page

Assignment 2: Figurative Language versus Literal Language
Due Week 3 and worth 100 points

Using and misusing figurative language may make it more difficult for others to engage in
productive thinking. Listed below are ten (10) types of figurative language. (If you are unfamiliar
with these terms, you may research the definitions. Cite your sources using APA Style.)

TERMS:
1. idiom 6. amphiboly
2. analogy 7. ―flame word‖
3. metaphor 8. hyperbole
4. simile 9. euphemism
5. cliché 10. colloquialism

Write a 3-4 page paper in which you:
1. Define the meaning and function of each term.
2. Provide an example for each term. (The example may be created by you or taken from
another source)
3. Describe the appropriate circumstances for using the example for each term and when it
might lead to misunderstanding.
4. Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment.

The paper should follow these guidelines for effectively organized writing:
 Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph for the essay.
 Each of the terms should be addressed in a single paragraph with a topic sentence and
supporting sentences.
 Adhere to standard rules of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.

Discussion 1: ―‗Brainstorming‘ and ‗Starbursting‘ a Topic.‖ Choose a topic from the list
in Appendix A. NOTE: The topic you choose for this exercise will be the basis of
your ―Critical Thinking Paper‖ due in Week 10. Students will respond to the
following:

o Which topic did you choose?
o Why did that topic interest you?
o Share at least four (4) ideas you generated on this topic using the ―brainstorming‖
technique (you should have many more).

Share at least four (4) questions you generated using the ―starbursting‖ technique.
o NOTE: After sharing in the discussion, save your work. It is a useful start
for your ―Critical Thinking Paper‖ due in Week 10.

 Lecture on different ways to organize thinking, natural/mental orders (topical, analogical,
chronological, and causal), the five ―Ws‖ of journalists, five steps for effectively
organizing information and ideas, CAP (Cluster, Analyze, Prioritize), and how to best
use natural/mental orders.

 Discussion 2: ―Clutter Control.‖ Refer to the topic you selected in Discussion 1 above for
your Critical Thinking Paper. Perform the three (3) steps in the CAP organizing process:
Clustering, Analyzing, and Prioritizing. Students will respond to the following:

o Share the titles of the cluster groups you created (not the individual topics within
each of the clusters.) (―Clustering‖)
o Share the list of topics you placed in one or two of the cluster groups.
o Explain how you modified the list(s) to better serve your argument.
(―Analyzing‖)
o Show how you would order the list of modified topics – this is the beginning of
your outline for the paper. (―Prioritizing‖)
Explore It: ―Survey survival.‖ Create survey questions associated with the ―Critical
Thinking Paper‖ topic you selected in Week 4. Although this survey activity is not
graded, it is a discussion in week 8. Also the information you gather in this exercise will
be an important part of your ―Critical Thinking‖ paper that is due in week 10. This
exploration is also in preparation for Discussion 3 in Week 8.

o Following the four (4) criteria for good surveys, create a survey with at least five
(5) questions related to your topic.
o Plan where and how you will conduct your survey.
o Ask your survey questions to at least ten (10) people who are unrelated to you or
that you have known for less than a month; in other words, do not use friends and
family as participants in your survey.
o Compile and evaluate the results of your survey.
o Check your survey for potential flaws, such as poor operational definitions,
limited generalizability, failure to use a double-blind design, or jumping to causeand-effect
conclusions
from
a correlational
design.

o Before you start, keep in mind:
 The population surveyed must be large enough to get results without having

to generalize from too small of a sample.
 People may lie and tell you what they think you want to hear on a survey.
 Family members and/or close friends are usually not very useful when doing a
survey. Since they tend to have the same opinions as you, relying primarily on
their answers would create a research bias.
 Surveys are often conducted at shopping malls. As you prepare to ask your
survey questions, think about possible drawbacks to soliciting survey
responses from people shopping in malls.

Assignment 3: Critical Thinking Paper — Draft and Self-evaluation 1
Due Week 8 and worth 50 points

Background and Preparation:
 In Week 4, Discussion 2, you picked a topic, did some brainstorming and ―starbursting‖
on the topic, and used the CAP process to organize the generated material into a rough
outline.
 In the Week 7 ―Explore It‖ activity, you created and conducted a survey on the topic you
selected.
 This week, in Discussion 3, you shared the results of your survey with your classmates.
 Now it is time to write a first draft of your position paper and to self-evaluate the draft.
 Please note: For this assignment you will write both a draft and your self-evaluation of
the draft. However, you will submit only the self-evaluation of your draft. Even though
you are not submitting the draft itself, it is important to follow the guidelines below,
because these are the identical guidelines for the final paper that is due in Week 10.

Draft:
Write a four to six (4–6) page (1000–1200 word) paper that presents a reasoned, convincing
argument for a position on a selected topic. Your paper should cover the following:

1. Follow the five steps of persuasion: establishing credibility, acknowledging the
audience‘s position, constructing a rationale, transplanting root elements, and asking for a
response.
2. Clearly define your position and supporting evidence, and describe the results of your
survey.
3. Include all the necessary ―evidence‖ for the reader to reach the expected conclusion in
each argument in the paper (whether the over-riding argument or one contained in an
individual paragraph)
4. Ensure that each argument in the paper (whether the overriding argument or one
contained in an individual paragraph) is valid and free from both formal and informal
fallacies.
5. Include at least four (4) references (sources). At least one (1) of your sources must be
obtained from the collection of databases accessible from the Learning Resources Center
Web page.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and effectively organized writing:
 The paper is well-organized, and every explanation is both complete and easy to
understand.
 Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph for the paper.

Main ideas should be addressed in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting
sentences.
 Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
 The paper should be checked for spelling and grammatical errors.

Self-evaluation:
Note: This is the part you will submit for this assignment. After you have written the draft of
your position paper, review it to identify the strengths and weaknesses of your argument.
Respond to the following questions, as specifically as you can:

1. What is your topic?

2. What are the possibly different main claims/positions related to this topic? (There will be
at least two (2) possibly different claims/positions, but there could be more; however, one
of them will be YOUR claim/position.)
3. What is your position regarding the topic?
4. What ―evidence‖ have you offered to support your claim/position? Have you included
your survey results?
5. Put your claim/position and ―evidence‖ through the ―Scientific Method‖ and ―Proving a
theory‖ steps. Are there any steps on which your claim/position and evidence do not
measure up to the examination? If so, what can you do to make them more acceptable?
6. Who is your intended audience? (This does not have to be specifically your instructor.)
7. What is your purpose? What do you want the audience to do, to feel, or to think?
Remember that a persuasive paper is always asking for some sort of response from the
audience.
8. What words or phrases have you included to cause your audience to do, feel, or think the
way that you want them to do, feel, or think? Include all of your motivational or
empathetic ―cues‖ for your audience.
9. How can your position actually better meet the needs of your audience than other
possible positions?
10. What more might your audience need to know before they believe that they need to do, to
feel, or to think that what you are suggesting should in fact cause them to be doing,
feeling, or thinking something?
11. What position that is different from yours might cause your audience not to accept your
position? (Note: There may be more than one.) Now that you have identified it, what do
you need to add to your own argument to convince your audience that this alternate
you need to add to your own argument to convince your audience that this alternate
position should be rejected in favor of your own position?
12. Can you think of anything else that your audience might need in order to be persuaded by
your argument?

nce you have completed these 12 tasks, start editing and revising your paper.

The self-evaluation should be at least one (1) page, 250 words minimum. The evaluation should
be typed. APA format is not required for the assignment. Include your name and date.

Your self-evaluation will be assessed based on development and completeness in response to the questions.

Assignment 4: Critical Thinking Paper — Draft and Self-evaluation 2
Due Week 9 and worth 50 points

Once you have completed a draft which presents and defends your position for your chosen
topic, look at your paper and pay careful attention to any arguments that you are using to support
your position. (Note: If there are no arguments, then you have not written an argumentative
paper!)

Self-evaluation
1. On a separate sheet (not part of the paper), identify the premises and conclusion of each
of the arguments in your paper. Most papers will have one overriding argument and then
several smaller arguments which ―prove‖ the truth of the premises you are making in the
larger argument.
2. Look at each of the arguments you have located in your paper. Carefully study them to
see if there are any informal fallacies. If there are any fallacies, note the name of the
fallacy beneath your identified arguments. Explain why each is a fallacy.
3. Carefully examine each of your arguments again. Even if there isn‘t an informal fallacy
present, is each of the individual arguments valid? Do the premises provide enough
evidence to support the conclusion? If you are not sure, try rewriting each argument as
categorical syllogism and then test for validity. Under each argument, identify whether it
is valid or invalid.
4. Explain to your instructor how you intend to change these arguments in your paper in
order to be certain that they are free from fallacies and are perfectly valid.
5. Once you have completed these tasks, continue editing and revising your paper in order
5. Once you have completed these tasks, continue editing and revising your paper in order
to eliminate the problems that you have just noted and to make it more persuasive.

The self-evaluation should be at least one (1) page, 250 words minimum. The evaluation should
be typed. APA format is not required for the assignment. Include your name and date.

Your self-evaluation will be assessed based on development and completeness in response to the
questions.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 Devise an action plan for overcoming the hindrances to the decision-making process by
applying problem-solving skills to personal, professional, and academic situations and
experiences.
 Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and
informal logic.
 Write clearly and concisely about issues in critical thinking using proper writing
mechanics.

Assignment 5: Critical Thinking Paper: Revised
Due Week 10 and worth 180 points

Your paper should present a reasoned, convincing argument for a position on a selected topic.

Write a 4-6 page paper in which you:
1. Follow the five steps of persuasion: establishing credibility, acknowledging the
audience‘s position, constructing a rationale, transplanting root elements, and asking for a
response.
2. Clearly define your position and supporting evidence, including the results of your
survey.
3. Include all the necessary ―evidence‖ for the reader to reach the expected conclusion in
each argument in the paper (whether the overriding argument or one contained in an
individual paragraph)
4. Ensure that each argument in the paper (whether the overriding argument or one
contained in an individual paragraph) is valid and free from both formal and informal
fallacies.
5. Include at least four (4) references (sources). At least one (1) of your sources must be
obtained from the collection of databases accessible from the Learning Resources Center
Web page.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and effectively organized writing:

The paper is well-organized, and every explanation is both complete and easy to
understand.
 Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph for the paper.
 Main ideas should be addressed in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting
sentences.
 Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
 The paper should be checked for spelling and grammatical errors.

Your assignment must:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins
on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check
with your professor for any additional instructions.
 Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student‘s name, the
professor‘s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are
not included in the required assignment page length.

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