WEEK 8: FINAL EXAM

Question 1

(TCO 8) Why is the term called the crude birth rate?

If you’ve ever attended a birth, you understand that it can get kind of crude.

The rate is crude because males and females, not in their childbearing years, are part of the equation.

To compare societies have differing proportions of females in their childbearing years. Correct

The crude birth rate is precise, but difficult to calculate.

It is calculated using the average annual number of births and deaths. Incorrect

Question 2

(TCO 8) The concept environmental deficit refers to

long-term harm to the environment caused by a short-sighted focus on material affluence.

the fact that too few people are engaged in the study of the natural environment.

the fact that natural scientists ignore the social dimensions of environmental problems.

a lack of environmental surplus over an extended period of time.

efforts to protect the environment to benefit future generations.

Question 3

(TCO 3) The concept of modernity refers to changes in social patterns brought on by which of the following?

The Fall of the Roman Empire

The Enlightenment

The Industrial Revolution

World War I

Globalization

Question 4

(TCO 3) What is an appropriate criticism of the Logic of Growth arguments?

It is by no means logical.

It ignores the globally dramatic increase in population.

It is unnecessarily pessimistic.

It assumes that natural resources will always be plentiful.

No logic, no growth; know logic, know growth.

Question 5

(TCO 8) The environmental racism thesis falls within which theoretical approach?

The structural-functional approach

The sociobiology approach

The symbolic-interaction approach

The social-conflict approach

The social-exchange approach

Question 6

(TCO 3) Select the theme that is NOT part of a post-modernity approach.

Cultural debates are declining.

In important respects, modernity has failed.

Science no longer holds the answers.

Social institutions are changing.

The bright light of “progress” is fading.

Question 7

(TCO 3) Which theory states that social movements arise among people who feel they lack enough income, basic rights, or human dignity?

Resource deprivation theory

Relative mobilization theory

Relative deprivation theory

Resource mobilization theory

Resource relativity theory

Question 8

(TCO 8) Medical science can keep a person’s body alive, on machines, long after their vital organs have failed. However, there is no agreement among religious and ethical leaders about how to decide when to unplug those machines. This example illustrates _.

Material culture

Nonmaterial culture

Cultural relativity

Culture shock

Culture lag

Question 9

(TCO 3) The concept postmodernity refers to which of the following?

The material objects of societies that are already industrialized.

Practices of societies that are just beginning to have computer access.

The cultural traits of societies that keep their traditions.

The norms and values of societies that are just beginning to industrialize.

The cultural traits of postindustrial societies.

Question 10

(TCO 8) Of the various types of social movements, which is least threatening to the status quo?

Alternative social movements

Redemptive social movements

Reformative social movements

Revolutionary social movements

Reactionary social movements

Question 11

(TCOs 1, 2, 3, and 4) Explain the steps in the process of carrying out sociological investigation. What specific questions must be answered as a researcher moves through their investigation?

Chapter 1
Answer should include: What is your topic? What have others already learned? What, exactly, are your questions? What will you need to carry out research? Are there ethical concerns? What method will you use? How will you record the data? What do the data tell you? What are your conclusions? How can you share what you’ve learned?

Question 12

(TCOs 3 and 8) You have been asked by a committee of student success coaches to investigate why the rate at which freshman students post to their course threaded discussions is lower than the rate for other groups of students. Explain how the structural-functionalist perspective would analyze and explain the low posting rate. (In other words, consider the contributing factors that the structural-functionalist perspective would focus on in trying to explain the reasons for the low rate of students posting to their threads.) Then discuss a solution that a functionalist might use to encourage freshman students to post.

Question 13

(TCOs 6 and 7) Identify and define the four stages in the life course of a social movement.

Question 14

(TCOs 3, 4, and 6) Identify and describe the three leadership styles. Provide examples of these styles in society.

Question 15

(TCOs 5, 6, and 8) Identify and briefly explain the four principles that underlie social stratification.

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